Review of the key characteristics that determine the efficacy of OHS instruments: Report to the Minister of Labour
Monitoring of implementation and enforcement
For codes of practice, in particular, there is a need to ensure that monitoring and enforcement are integrated into the overall implementation strategy.
Codes of practice and guidance material must be seen as components of a broader, integrated enforcement strategy. This involves a hierarchy of enforcement measures, beginning with the facilitation of voluntary action through the dissemination of information and provision of advice to persuade duty holders to comply.
In New Zealand, there is very little monitoring of a particular code of practice. Regulators generally monitor compliance with OHS legislation holistically, assessing compliance with general duties and regulations. The uptake of a particular code (or guidance material) may be considered as part of this, but monitoring the implementation of a code is rare in practice, and very little attempt has been made to engage in such monitoring.
Without effective monitoring, broader evaluation of codes of practice is, in itself, difficult.